Preserving Identity: Puerto Rican Shift from Catholicism to Pentecostalism

Ramón Ortiz discusses how Puerto Ricans have struggled to maintain their identity, culture, heritage in the midst of New York City Catholicism which often viewed the newly arrived Catholic Puerto Ricans as inferior and in need of evangelizing.

Give Them Christ: Native Agency in the Evangelization of Puerto Rico, 1900 to 1917

The scholarship on the history of Protestant missions to Puerto Rico after the Spanish American War of 1898 emphasizes the Americanizing tendencies of the missionaries in the construction of the new Puerto Rican.

Espiritismo:The Flywheel of the Puerto Rican Spiritual Traditions

by Edil Torres Rivera, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA Abstract Espiritismo (spiritism) is a wide-spread religious practice among Puerto Ricans in Puerto Rico and Puerto Ricans in the United States. Espiritismo has been found…